Boole, George

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b. 2 November 1815 Lincoln, England
d. 8 December 1864 Ballintemple, Coounty Cork, Ireland
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English mathematician whose development of symbolic logic laid the foundations for the operating principles of modern computers.
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Boole was the son of a tradesman, from whom he learned the principles of mathematics and optical-component manufacturing. From the early age of 16 he taught in a number of schools in West Yorkshire, and when only 20 he opened his own school in Lincoln. There, at the Mechanical Institute, he avidly read mathematical journals and the works of great mathematicians such as Lagrange, Laplace and Newton and began to tackle a variety of algebraic problems. This led to the publication of a constant stream of original papers in the newly launched Cambridge Mathematical Journal on topics in the fields of algebra and calculus, for which in 1844 he received the Royal Society Medal.
In 1847 he wrote The Mathematical Analysis of Logic, which applied algebraic symbolism to logical forms, whereby the presence or absence of properties could be represented by binary states and combined, just like normal algebraic equations, to derive logical statements about a series of operations. This laid the foundations for the binary logic used in modern computers, which, being based on binary on-off devices, greatly depend on the use of such operations as "and", "nand" ("not and"), "or" and "nor" ("not or"), etc. Although he lacked any formal degree, this revolutionary work led to his appointment in 1849 to the Chair of Mathematics at Queen's College, Cork, where he continued his work on logic and also produce treatises on differential equations and the calculus of finite differences.
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Principal Honours and Distinctions
Royal Society Medal 1844. FRS 1857.
Bibliography
Boole's major contributions to logic available in republished form include George Boole: Investigation of the Laws of Thought, Dover Publications; George Boole: Laws of Thought, Open Court, and George Boole: Studies in Logic \& Probability, Open Court.
1872, A Treatise on Differential Equations.
Further Reading
W.Kneale, 1948, "Boole and the revival of logic", Mind 57:149.
G.C.Smith (ed.), 1982, George Boole \& Augustus de Morgan. Correspondence 1842– 1864, Oxford University Press.
—, 1985, George Boole: His Life and Work, McHale.
E.T.Bell, 1937, Men of Mathematics, London: Victor Gollancz.
KF

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Boole,George — Boole (bo͞ol), George. 1815 1864. British mathematician and logician who developed a calculus of symbolic logic. * * * …   Universalium

  • Boole, George — born Nov. 2, 1815, Lincoln, Eng. died Dec. 8, 1864, Ballintemple, Ire. British mathematician. Though basically self taught and lacking a university degree, in 1849 he was appointed professor of mathematics at Queen s College in Ireland. His… …   Universalium

  • Boole , George — (1815–1864) British mathematician Boole came from a poor background in the English city of Lincoln and was virtually self taught in mathematics. He discovered for himself the theory of invariants. Before he obtained an academic post Boole spent… …   Scientists

  • Boole, George — ► (1815 64) Matemático británico. Su obra más importante, Una investigación de las leyes del pensamiento (1854), propone la representación de las ideas por medio de símbolos matemáticos. * * * (2 nov. 1815, Lincoln, Inglaterra–8 dic. 1864,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Boole, George — (1815–1864) English mathematician and logician. Born in Lincoln and educated locally, Boole worked as a schoolmaster until he gained recognition as a mathematician, and became professor at Queen s College, Cork, Ireland, in 1849. His pamphlet The …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Boole, George — ● /boul/ np. m. ►PERS (2 nov. 1815 8 déc. 1864). Mathématicien Britannique du XIXème siècle, créateur de de la logique moderne qui porte son nom (logique Booléenne), aussi appelée Algèbre de Boole ou algèbre booléenne. Voir booléen. Boole a aussi …   Dictionnaire d'informatique francophone

  • Boole — Boole, George …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Boole — Boole, George …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • George Boole — [ˌdʒɔːdʒ ˈbuːl] (* 2. November 1815 in Lincoln, England; † 8. Dezember 1864 in Ballintemple, in der Grafschaft Cork, Irland) war ein englischer Mathematiker (Autodidakt), Logiker und Philosoph …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • George Boole — Nacimiento 2 de noviembre de 1815 Lincoln, Lincolnshire, Inglaterra Fallecimiento …   Wikipedia Español

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